The Alabama VIP older driver study rationale and design: examining the relationship between vision impairment and driving using naturalistic driving techniques.

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  • Additional Information
    • Publication Year:
      2018
    • Subject Terms:
    • NAICS/Industry Codes:
      NAICS/Industry Codes 423110 Automobile and Other Motor Vehicle Merchant Wholesalers
      415190 Recreational and other motor vehicles merchant wholesalers
      423120 Motor Vehicle Supplies and New Parts Merchant Wholesalers
    • Abstract:
      Background: Older drivers aged ≥70 years old have among the highest rates of motor vehicle collisions (MVC) compared to other age groups. Driving is a highly visual task, and older adults have a high prevalence of vision impairment compared to other ages. Most studies addressing visual risk factors for MVCs by older drivers utilize vehicle accident reports as the primary outcome, an approach with several methodological limitations. Naturalistic driving research methods overcome these challenges and involve installing a high-tech, unobtrusive data acquisition system (DAS) in an older driver's own vehicle. The DAS continuously records multi-channel video of driver and roadway, sensor-based kinematics, GPS location, and presence of nearby objects in front of the vehicle, providing an objective measure of driving exposure. In this naturalistic driving study, the purpose is to examine the relationship between vision and crashes and near-crashes, lane-keeping, turning at intersections, driving performance during secondary tasks demands, and the role of front-seat passengers. An additional aim is to compare results of the on-road driving evaluation by a certified driving rehabilitation specialist to objective indicators of driving performance derived from the naturalistic data.Methods: Drivers ≥70 years old are recruited from ophthalmology clinics and a previous population-based study of older drivers, with the goal of recruiting persons with wide ranging visual function. Target samples size is 195 drivers. At a baseline visit, the DAS is installed in the participant's vehicle and a battery of health and functional assessments are administered to the driver including visual-sensory and visual-cognitive tests. The DAS remains installed in the vehicle for six months while the participant goes about his/her normal driving with no imposed study restrictions. After six months, the driver returns for DAS de-installation, repeat vision testing, and an on-road driving evaluation by a certified driving rehabilitation specialist (CDRS). The data streams recorded by the DAS are uploaded to the data coordinating center for analysis.Discussion: The Alabama VIP Older Driver Study is the first naturalistic older driver study specifically focused on the enrollment of drivers with vision impairment in order to study the relationship between visual dysfunction and driver safety and performance. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of BMC Ophthalmology is the property of BioMed Central and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • ISSN:
      14712415
    • Accession Number:
      127866419
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      OWSLEY, C. et al. The Alabama VIP older driver study rationale and design: examining the relationship between vision impairment and driving using naturalistic driving techniques. BMC Ophthalmology, [s. l.], v. 18, p. 1, 2018. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=127866419. Acesso em: 2 dez. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Owsley C, McGwin G, Antin JF, Wood JM, Elgin J, McGwin G Jr. The Alabama VIP older driver study rationale and design: examining the relationship between vision impairment and driving using naturalistic driving techniques. BMC Ophthalmology. 2018;18:1. Accessed December 2, 2020. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=127866419
    • APA:
      Owsley, C., McGwin, G., Antin, J. F., Wood, J. M., Elgin, J., & McGwin, G., Jr. (2018). The Alabama VIP older driver study rationale and design: examining the relationship between vision impairment and driving using naturalistic driving techniques. BMC Ophthalmology, 18, 1.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Owsley, Cynthia, Gerald McGwin, Jonathan F. Antin, Joanne M. Wood, Jennifer Elgin, and Gerald McGwin Jr. 2018. “The Alabama VIP Older Driver Study Rationale and Design: Examining the Relationship between Vision Impairment and Driving Using Naturalistic Driving Techniques.” BMC Ophthalmology 18 (February): 1. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=127866419.
    • Harvard:
      Owsley, C. et al. (2018) ‘The Alabama VIP older driver study rationale and design: examining the relationship between vision impairment and driving using naturalistic driving techniques’, BMC Ophthalmology, 18, p. 1. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=127866419 (Accessed: 2 December 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Owsley, C, McGwin, G, Antin, JF, Wood, JM, Elgin, J & McGwin, G, Jr 2018, ‘The Alabama VIP older driver study rationale and design: examining the relationship between vision impairment and driving using naturalistic driving techniques’, BMC Ophthalmology, vol. 18, p. 1, viewed 2 December 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Owsley, Cynthia, et al. “The Alabama VIP Older Driver Study Rationale and Design: Examining the Relationship between Vision Impairment and Driving Using Naturalistic Driving Techniques.” BMC Ophthalmology, vol. 18, Feb. 2018, p. 1. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=127866419.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Owsley, Cynthia, Gerald McGwin, Jonathan F. Antin, Joanne M. Wood, Jennifer Elgin, and Gerald McGwin Jr. “The Alabama VIP Older Driver Study Rationale and Design: Examining the Relationship between Vision Impairment and Driving Using Naturalistic Driving Techniques.” BMC Ophthalmology 18 (February 7, 2018): 1. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=127866419.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Owsley C, McGwin G, Antin JF, Wood JM, Elgin J, McGwin G Jr. The Alabama VIP older driver study rationale and design: examining the relationship between vision impairment and driving using naturalistic driving techniques. BMC Ophthalmology [Internet]. 2018 Feb 7 [cited 2020 Dec 2];18:1. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=127866419