Chinese Longquan celadon, a type of green-glazed ceramic, is one of the most famous branded and trade products, particularly during the 13th and 14th centuries. Its archaeological and historical materials possess multiple attributes with plentiful cultural information. The objective of the present book is to vivify these materials and provide readers and researchers a broader perspective and additional methodologies to review and gain a new and more profound understanding of Longquan celadon. The first part of this book focuses on elite Longquan celadon in China's Southern Song (1127-1278) and Yuan (1271-1368) periods. The second part focuses on elite Longquan celadon products as imports in medieval Japan. These products played a crucial role in shaping medieval Japanese culture, bringing to the fore issues such as the Japanese manner of adopting Chinese Song and Yuan culture.