Summary: "The Church in Ancient Society provides a full and enjoyable narrative history of the first six centuries of the Christian Church. Ancient Greek and Roman society had many gods and an addiction to astrology and divination. This introduction to the period traces the process by which Christianity changed this and so provided a foundation for the modern world: the teaching of Jesus created a lasting community, which grew to command the allegiance of the Roman emperor. Christianity is discussed in relation to how it appeared to both Jews and pagans, and how its Christian doctrine and practice were shaped in relation to Graeco-Roman culture and the Jewish matrix. Among the major figures discussed are Tertullian, Clement of Alexandria, Origen, Constantine, Julian the Apostle, Basil, Ambrose, and Augustine."--BOOK JACKET.Content Notes:
Introduction -- The first followers of Jesus -- The Jewish matrix -- Jews and Christians survive Rome's crushing of revolts -- The Hebrew scriptures in the church -- Interpreting scripture: Philo and Paul -- Apostles and Evangelists -- Women among Jesus' followers -- 'Barnabas', Jewish Christianity, trouble at Corinth -- Ignatius of Antioch -- Didache -- Marcion -- Justin -- Irenaeus of Lyon -- The New Testament text -- Celsus: a Platonist attack -- Montanism: Perpetua -- Tertullian, Minucius Felix -- Clement of Alexandria -- Julius Africanus -- Hippolytus and liturgy -- Origen -- Cyprian of Carthage -- Dionysius of Alexandria -- Paul of Samosata -- Mani -- Plotinus, Porphyry -- Diocletian and the great persecution; Rise of Constantine -- Constantine: Lactantius, Eusebius of Caesarea, Arius, and The Council of Nicaea -- The seeds of reaction -- The church at prayer -- Athanasius, Marcellus, and the gathering storm -- A fiasco at Serdica -- Religious division: a note on intolerance -- Anthanasius' return: a wind of change -- Constantius' double council of unity -- Julian and the church -- Damasus, Siricius, papal authority, Synesius of Cyrene -- Basil of Caesarea (Cappadocia) -- Ambrose -- Ambrosiaster -- Donatism -- Monks: the ascetic life -- Messalians: the Macarian homilies -- Schism at Antioch: the Council of Constantinople (381) -- Jerome and Rufinus: controversy about Origen -- Pelagius, Caelestius, and the Roman See in Gaul and North Africa -- Julian of Eclanum: Augustine's critics in Gaul and North Africa -- Augustine -- John Chrysostom -- Innocent I and John Chrysostom's honour: Alaric and the fall of Rome; The Christological debate, I: to the First Council of Ephesus (431) -- The Christological debate, II: from Reunion (433) to a breakdown of unity (449) -- The Christological debate, III: from the Second Council of Ephesus (449) to Chalcedon (451) -- The aftermath of the Council of Chalcedon: Zeno's Henotikon -- Justinian: Origen and the 'three chapters' -- The ancient oriental churches -- The church and the Barbarian invasions in the West: Salvian, Sidonius, Caesarius -- Pope Gregory the Great (590-604) -- Worship after Constantine -- Pilgrims -- Penance.Notes:
Includes bibliographical references (p. -713) and index.