Two governments, both duds.

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    • Abstract:
      Most Iranians seem to want regime change. Yet they may have to wait for it. Iran has long been due for collapse. Its two parallel governments, one theocratic, one democratic, have been on the worst of terms for several years. Several prominent democrats are said to be ready to resign. Were they to do so, the long power struggle between democratic reformists and conservative clerics might take a decisive turn, leading perhaps to the definitive end of the theocracy ushered in by the 1979 revolution. The clerics who wield nearly all the formal power in Iran have failed on almost every score. Their foreign and security policies have brought Iran isolation and condemnation, and their economic failures are even more distressing. Iranians first elected a reformer, Muhammad Khatami, as their president in 1997. Though virtually all his efforts at liberalisation were thwarted by the clerics, he was re-elected in 2001. Fellow-reformers swept to victory in other polls, but they, too, suffered similar rebuffs at the hands of the mullahs. Khatami has not achieved any significant reform, yet he remains in office. At present, the regime's opponents are leaderless, unorganised and apparently powerless. Yet the clerics' power would not necessarily, or indefinitely, prove overwhelming in the face of people power.
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  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      Two governments, both duds. Economist, [s. l.], v. 370, n. 8358, p. 12–13, 2004. Disponível em: Acesso em: 23 nov. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Two governments, both duds. Economist. 2004;370(8358):12-13. Accessed November 23, 2020.
    • APA:
      Two governments, both duds. (2004). Economist, 370(8358), 12–13.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      “Two Governments, Both Duds.” 2004. Economist 370 (8358): 12–13.
    • Harvard:
      ‘Two governments, both duds’ (2004) Economist, 370(8358), pp. 12–13. Available at: (Accessed: 23 November 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      ‘Two governments, both duds’ 2004, Economist, vol. 370, no. 8358, pp. 12–13, viewed 23 November 2020, .
    • MLA:
      “Two Governments, Both Duds.” Economist, vol. 370, no. 8358, Jan. 2004, pp. 12–13. EBSCOhost,
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      “Two Governments, Both Duds.” Economist 370, no. 8358 (January 17, 2004): 12–13.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Two governments, both duds. Economist [Internet]. 2004 Jan 17 [cited 2020 Nov 23];370(8358):12–3. Available from: