Olav Kyrres bispekirke i Trondheim i det 11. å;rhundre. (Norwegian)

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  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Keywords:
      Church architecture -- Norway -- 11th century
    • Abstract:
      The Nidaros Cathedral in Trondheim (fig. 1) was built mainly in the 12th and 13th centuries. This article deals, however, with the oldest cathedral on the site: King Olav Kyrre's church from the second half of the 11th century (figs. 2-3). It was consecrated to the Trinity, but is more often called Kristkirken (Christchurch). From the archaeological evidence it is reasonable to conclude that it had one bay with a square chancel at the east end. The chancel was flanked by chapels. The arcades in the longer three-bayed choir to be erected later were built on the foundations of the old Outer walls. Fischer's theory postulates a church in the form of a cross with "transept chapels" (fig. 2). It is more probable, however, that in the 11th century the church terminated at the west end with the tower (figs. 2-3). The tower and the buildings to the side suggest a tower-like central building with a porch at the west end, built Out at the side with staircases and a tribune. Passages that led to the adjacent buildings have been found in the walls in the northern and southern side of the church. As a unit Olav Kyrre's church is reminiscent of earlier periods. As far as the westwork is concerned, the size of the central room has some Connections with the Carolingian period. The area enclosed by the tower at ground level is 30×30 feet measuring 33 cm (a foot measurement familiar from churches in Scandinavia). The Carolingian churches at Centula (fig. 12) and Saint-Wandrille had westworks with a base of 30×30 feet, and the westwork at Corvey is 33×33 feet. In later churches we encounter simplification and a reduction in area, and rectangular central rooms also began to appear (figs. 7-11). Certain aspects of the solutions adopted in the westwork of Olav Kyrre's church are more in keeping with contemporary practice. But the large adjacent buildings of around 40 m², and in particular the large square central room, can be related to Carolingian practices. It would appear that belief in the mystical significance of numbers played an important part in this church. In considering the presumed measurements of the square in the westwork, it should be remembered that particular emphasis was placed on the number 30 by medieval theologians. The factors 3 and 10 were considered as most important. Augustin points to certain numbers in the Scriptures as being emphasised particularly, and he calls them numeric legitimi. When these numbers are multiplied by 10 or by themselves their significance is retained or made more intensive. In this way the symbolism of the trinity plays an important part in the interpretation as the number of pet-fection, 3, has been multiplied by 10. Olav Kyrre's church measured 144 feet from the east end of the chancel to the west end of the tower. The same figure is found in the Carolingian Linhard basilica in Seligenstadt (fig. 14). The nave at Corvey was also 144 feet, and this is also the inner measurement of the imperial chapel at Aix. It is possible to consider the number 144 in the context of the medieval understanding of a church building as the heavenly Jerusalem. This was illustrated in different ways, and here with numbers as well. The numbers 144 and 30 were central to medieval biblical exegesis. But why is there nothing similar to be found in the chancel (25×25 feet)? Here there is almost certainly no symbolic significance. It appears that after the chancel had been built, work was begun on the nave with the intention of making it in a simple rectangular form. But then the plans were changed. The westwork was to have the dimensions discussed here, and the length of the church was to be 144 feet. This led to the rupture in the southern wall (fig. 2).… [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
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    • ISSN:
      00233609
    • Accession Number:
      10.1080/00233608808604166
    • Accession Number:
      505524036
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      ANDERSEN, H. A. Olav Kyrres bispekirke i Trondheim i det 11. å;rhundre. (Norwegian). Konsthistorisk Tidskrift, [s. l.], v. 57, n. 1, p. 3–17, 1988. DOI 10.1080/00233608808604166. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asu&AN=505524036. Acesso em: 1 out. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Andersen HA. Olav Kyrres bispekirke i Trondheim i det 11. å;rhundre. (Norwegian). Konsthistorisk Tidskrift. 1988;57(1):3-17. doi:10.1080/00233608808604166
    • APA:
      Andersen, H. A. (1988). Olav Kyrres bispekirke i Trondheim i det 11. å;rhundre. (Norwegian). Konsthistorisk Tidskrift, 57(1), 3–17. https://doi.org/10.1080/00233608808604166
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Andersen, Hå;kon A. 1988. “Olav Kyrres Bispekirke i Trondheim i Det 11. å;Rhundre. (Norwegian).” Konsthistorisk Tidskrift 57 (1): 3–17. doi:10.1080/00233608808604166.
    • Harvard:
      Andersen, H. A. (1988) ‘Olav Kyrres bispekirke i Trondheim i det 11. å;rhundre. (Norwegian)’, Konsthistorisk Tidskrift, 57(1), pp. 3–17. doi: 10.1080/00233608808604166.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Andersen, HA 1988, ‘Olav Kyrres bispekirke i Trondheim i det 11. å;rhundre. (Norwegian)’, Konsthistorisk Tidskrift, vol. 57, no. 1, pp. 3–17, viewed 1 October 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Andersen, Hå;kon A. “Olav Kyrres Bispekirke i Trondheim i Det 11. å;Rhundre. (Norwegian).” Konsthistorisk Tidskrift, vol. 57, no. 1, Mar. 1988, pp. 3–17. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1080/00233608808604166.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Andersen, Hå;kon A. “Olav Kyrres Bispekirke i Trondheim i Det 11. å;Rhundre. (Norwegian).” Konsthistorisk Tidskrift 57, no. 1 (March 1988): 3–17. doi:10.1080/00233608808604166.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Andersen HA. Olav Kyrres bispekirke i Trondheim i det 11. å;rhundre. (Norwegian). Konsthistorisk Tidskrift [Internet]. 1988 Mar [cited 2020 Oct 1];57(1):3–17. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asu&AN=505524036