تطور استخدام الزجاج في العمارة. (Arabic)

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  • Author(s): ربا محمد العلوش1,
  • Language:
    Arabic
  • Source:
    Journal Architecture & Planning; 2016, Vol. 28 Issue 1, p103-128, 26p
  • Document Type:
    Article
  • Additional Information
    • Alternate Title:
      Development of Usege of Glass in Architecture. (English)
    • Author Supplied Keywords:
      Glass curtain facades
      Glass in architecture
      Modern architecture
      Smart facades
      الزجاج في العمارة
      العمارة الحديثة
      الواجهات الذكية
      الواجهات الزجاجية
    • Abstract:
      In its beginning, glass was considered a rare art of work, and its application advanced from decorative usage on the walls and ceilings to using it in the windows to allow the light to reach the vast dark spaces in churches and cathedrals. then the Gothic architecture presented the colored glass with its fascinating colors as a pure material for the windows, and usage of glass became widespread in the big European galleries and the glass houses in the 17th and 18th century, afterwards the emergence of public buildings with vast spaces by the help of the industrial revolution in the 19th century which presented buildings that depends on the industrial architecture technique which are related to the international style. And most of these buildings façades were glazed façades. Designers and developers of this style depended on glass as an essential architectural material, and architects focused more and more on the manipulation made by shadow, light, reflection and visibil ty, in addition to the development of glass types especially in the last decades to respond to the architectural, environmental and structural needs or demands. Therefore, this research studies glass advancement in architecture by shoing its prosperity and its degradation until we reach the glazed curtain wall.Through the last few years, glazed façades advanced and developed effectively in the type of glass used, and the high tech in its manufacturing that shows flexibility which accommodates with the architectural form, and advancement in the techniques used to form it represented in the smart façades which can accommodate to all circumstances and demands. From the international examples which show this advancement are: London Hall, Media Wall, Nord LB bank in Germany, Hearst Tower, Khalifa Tower, the Kingdom Tower, Towers of the Sea, and the building of the new bank of Masqat. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of Journal Architecture & Planning is the property of King Saud University and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • Author Affiliations:
      1عضو هيئة تعليمية - كلية الهندسة المعمارية - جامعة دمشق
    • ISSN:
      10183604
    • Accession Number:
      114151312
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      ربا محمد العلوش. تطور استخدام الزجاج في العمارة. (Arabic). Journal Architecture & Planning, [s. l.], v. 28, n. 1, p. 103–128, 2016. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asu&AN=114151312. Acesso em: 23 set. 2020.
    • AMA:
      ربا محمد العلوش. تطور استخدام الزجاج في العمارة. (Arabic). Journal Architecture & Planning. 2016;28(1):103-128. Accessed September 23, 2020. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asu&AN=114151312
    • APA:
      ربا محمد العلوش. (2016). تطور استخدام الزجاج في العمارة. (Arabic). Journal Architecture & Planning, 28(1), 103–128.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      ربا محمد العلوش. 2016. “تطور استخدام الزجاج في العمارة. (Arabic).” Journal Architecture & Planning 28 (1): 103–28. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asu&AN=114151312.
    • Harvard:
      ربا محمد العلوش (2016) ‘تطور استخدام الزجاج في العمارة. (Arabic)’, Journal Architecture & Planning, 28(1), pp. 103–128. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asu&AN=114151312 (Accessed: 23 September 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      ربا محمد العلوش 2016, ‘تطور استخدام الزجاج في العمارة. (Arabic)’, Journal Architecture & Planning, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 103–128, viewed 23 September 2020, .
    • MLA:
      ربا محمد العلوش. “تطور استخدام الزجاج في العمارة. (Arabic).” Journal Architecture & Planning, vol. 28, no. 1, Jan. 2016, pp. 103–128. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asu&AN=114151312.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      ربا محمد العلوش. “تطور استخدام الزجاج في العمارة. (Arabic).” Journal Architecture & Planning 28, no. 1 (January 2016): 103–28. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asu&AN=114151312.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      ربا محمد العلوش. تطور استخدام الزجاج في العمارة. (Arabic). Journal Architecture & Planning [Internet]. 2016 Jan [cited 2020 Sep 23];28(1):103–28. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asu&AN=114151312