Renewed investigations into the Middle Stone Age of northern Malawi

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  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Abstract: J. Desmond Clark and his colleagues were first to investigate the rich Middle Stone Age (MSA – from ca. 285 to 30,000 years ago) deposits in the Karonga District of northern Malawi in the 1960s. This work demonstrated the enormous potential of the area to inform about Middle to Late Pleistocene hominin lifeways, but further studies were hindered by difficulties in dating the sites and understanding their fine-scale depositional and paleoenvironmental contexts. With the advances that have been made in the fields of geoarchaeology, lithic analysis, palaeoenvironments, and geochronology over the last fifty years, the time is ideal to renew these investigations. Recent survey and excavation in Karonga, Malawi show that MSA lithic artifacts are preserved in a variety of stratified sedimentary contexts and that they exhibit limited weathering or other indications of post-depositional transport. These deposits are in close proximity to the high-resolution paleoenvironmental records derived from sediments at the bottom of nearby Lake Malawi, which provide context for the human behavior recorded by the artifacts. Results of excavations at one of these stratified sites – the Airport Site – are detailed here. This provides a renewed example of the site formation and behavioral data available in the region. [Copyright &y& Elsevier]
    • Abstract:
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    • Author Affiliations:
      1School of Social Science, Archaeology Program, University of Queensland, Michie Building (9), Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia
      2School of Archaeology and Anthropology, Australian National University, A.D. Hope Building #14, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia
      3Department of Archaeology and Art History, Seoul National University, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 151 745, South Korea
      4African Heritage Research and Consultancy, PO Box 622, Zomba, Malawi
      5Ministry of Tourism, Wildlife, and Culture, Tourism House, Private Bag 326, Lilongwe 3, Malawi
      6Department of Anthropology, Catholic University of Malawi, PO Box 5452, Limbe, Malawi
    • ISSN:
      1040-6182
    • Accession Number:
      10.1016/j.quaint.2011.12.014
    • Accession Number:
      78151144
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      THOMPSON, J. C. et al. Renewed investigations into the Middle Stone Age of northern Malawi. Quaternary International, [s. l.], v. 270, p. 129–139, 2012. DOI 10.1016/j.quaint.2011.12.014. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=78151144. Acesso em: 28 nov. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Thompson JC, Mackay A, Wright DK, et al. Renewed investigations into the Middle Stone Age of northern Malawi. Quaternary International. 2012;270:129-139. doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2011.12.014
    • APA:
      Thompson, J. C., Mackay, A., Wright, D. K., Welling, M., Greaves, A., Gomani-Chindebvu, E., & Simengwa, D. (2012). Renewed investigations into the Middle Stone Age of northern Malawi. Quaternary International, 270, 129–139. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2011.12.014
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Thompson, Jessica C., Alex Mackay, David K. Wright, Menno Welling, Amanda Greaves, Elizabeth Gomani-Chindebvu, and Davie Simengwa. 2012. “Renewed Investigations into the Middle Stone Age of Northern Malawi.” Quaternary International 270 (August): 129–39. doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2011.12.014.
    • Harvard:
      Thompson, J. C. et al. (2012) ‘Renewed investigations into the Middle Stone Age of northern Malawi’, Quaternary International, 270, pp. 129–139. doi: 10.1016/j.quaint.2011.12.014.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Thompson, JC, Mackay, A, Wright, DK, Welling, M, Greaves, A, Gomani-Chindebvu, E & Simengwa, D 2012, ‘Renewed investigations into the Middle Stone Age of northern Malawi’, Quaternary International, vol. 270, pp. 129–139, viewed 28 November 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Thompson, Jessica C., et al. “Renewed Investigations into the Middle Stone Age of Northern Malawi.” Quaternary International, vol. 270, Aug. 2012, pp. 129–139. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2011.12.014.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Thompson, Jessica C., Alex Mackay, David K. Wright, Menno Welling, Amanda Greaves, Elizabeth Gomani-Chindebvu, and Davie Simengwa. “Renewed Investigations into the Middle Stone Age of Northern Malawi.” Quaternary International 270 (August 23, 2012): 129–39. doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2011.12.014.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Thompson JC, Mackay A, Wright DK, Welling M, Greaves A, Gomani-Chindebvu E, et al. Renewed investigations into the Middle Stone Age of northern Malawi. Quaternary International [Internet]. 2012 Aug 23 [cited 2020 Nov 28];270:129–39. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=78151144