Radical changes in the Muslim world: Turkey, Iran, Egypt.

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  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Author-Supplied Keywords:
      Arab Spring
      Green Movement
      Kemalism
      Khomeini
      laicism
    • Abstract:
      This article discusses radical changes in the Muslim world during the last hundred years. The main emphasis is on the tension between secularism and religious authority and the prospect of political democracy. The article starts from Toynbee’s assumption that social-political change is a response to a preceding condition. Three countries are compared. Modern Turkey emerged in the 1920s from the ruins of the Ottoman Empire and its traditionalist outlook. Under Mustafa Kemal, Turkey was transformed into a radically secular and modernizing regime inspired by French laicism. Some 50 years later, Iran switched from the modernizing and anti-clerical regime of the Shah to a semi-theocracy under Khomeini. Thirty years later, the uprising in Egypt followed neither the Kemalist nor Khomeini’s example. Responding to a preceding autocracy, the goal was neither secularism nor clericalism but to correct a basic political deficit: the lack of democracy. [ABSTRACT FROM PUBLISHER]
    • Abstract:
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    • Author Affiliations:
      1University of Notre Dame, Indiana, USA dallmayr.1@nd.edu
    • Full Text Word Count:
      4961
    • ISSN:
      0191-4537
    • Accession Number:
      10.1177/0191453712441917
    • Accession Number:
      76331424
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      DALLMAYR, F. Radical changes in the Muslim world: Turkey, Iran, Egypt. Philosophy & Social Criticism, [s. l.], v. 38, n. 4/5, p. 497–506, 2012. DOI 10.1177/0191453712441917. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=76331424. Acesso em: 3 dez. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Dallmayr F. Radical changes in the Muslim world: Turkey, Iran, Egypt. Philosophy & Social Criticism. 2012;38(4/5):497-506. doi:10.1177/0191453712441917
    • APA:
      Dallmayr, F. (2012). Radical changes in the Muslim world: Turkey, Iran, Egypt. Philosophy & Social Criticism, 38(4/5), 497–506. https://doi.org/10.1177/0191453712441917
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Dallmayr, Fred. 2012. “Radical Changes in the Muslim World: Turkey, Iran, Egypt.” Philosophy & Social Criticism 38 (4/5): 497–506. doi:10.1177/0191453712441917.
    • Harvard:
      Dallmayr, F. (2012) ‘Radical changes in the Muslim world: Turkey, Iran, Egypt’, Philosophy & Social Criticism, 38(4/5), pp. 497–506. doi: 10.1177/0191453712441917.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Dallmayr, F 2012, ‘Radical changes in the Muslim world: Turkey, Iran, Egypt’, Philosophy & Social Criticism, vol. 38, no. 4/5, pp. 497–506, viewed 3 December 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Dallmayr, Fred. “Radical Changes in the Muslim World: Turkey, Iran, Egypt.” Philosophy & Social Criticism, vol. 38, no. 4/5, May 2012, pp. 497–506. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1177/0191453712441917.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Dallmayr, Fred. “Radical Changes in the Muslim World: Turkey, Iran, Egypt.” Philosophy & Social Criticism 38, no. 4/5 (May 2012): 497–506. doi:10.1177/0191453712441917.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Dallmayr F. Radical changes in the Muslim world: Turkey, Iran, Egypt. Philosophy & Social Criticism [Internet]. 2012 May [cited 2020 Dec 3];38(4/5):497–506. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=76331424